Abbreviations


Here you can find more about abbreviations: 

 

EP: Extended Play/Extended Player. With regard to the quantity of songs, an EP is located between a single and an album and is sometimes called "mini album" as well.

PV: Promotional Video. Stands for the music video belonging to a single.

R&B: Rhythm and Blues. Modern R&B is a mixture of pop and soul or pop and hip hop.

VK: Visual Kei. The expression is composed of the English word "visual" and the Japanese word "kei" ("style"). In contrast to the western gothic culture, Visual Kei is not linked to a certain style of music in the first place but rather represents a flashy appearance with dark and brash elements based on androgynous looks. Bands regarding themselves as part of the Visual Kei culture unite all styles of music.


Subcategories of Visual Kei

Like every other style, Visual Kei is not a static phenomenon. It has changed a lot during the past years and has become more distinctive. It has become rather difficult to characterise or categorise the bands during the last years. Some rather popular subcategories of Visual Kei are listed in the following for your guidance and to (hopefully) clear up misunderstandings.

  • Angura Kei: Traditional and modern elements are mixed with regard to the outer appearance as well as music (for example, rock music and traditional Japanese instruments like koto and shamisen are combined). Kagrra is an example of an Angura Kei band.
  • Debiru Kei: As the name indicates, bands with a scary and dark appearance regard themselves as Debiru Kei groups. D'espairs Ray is an example of a Debiru Kei band.
  • Goochikku Kei: Similarities to Debiru Kei can be drawn since Goochikku Kei bands also like a dark appearance. However, this style is closer to the western gothic movement as the name indicates. Moi dix Mois is an example of a Goochikku Kei band.
  • Oshare Kei: Colourful, brash, loud, Oshare Kei. Bands of this style often have a multicoloured appearance. Yet, their music is not always as bright and happy as their outfits. An Café is an example of an Oshare Kei band.


Shounen-Ai:
Today, Boys' Love is the more common expression. It means that the relationship between two men is described without being explicitly erotic (the expression for that would be Yaoi). The main goal is to show an emotional development.


Editions

First Press: As the name indicates, this is the first edition of a record. The first press editions of Japanese artists often contain extras, for example DVDs featuring music videos. These extras are mentioned right after the type of press (for example: first press + DVD/Blu-Ray). First press editions are limited, meaning only a certain number of copies is produced so that they are often sold out before the record is even available.

Limited Edition: New albums and singles are often released as limited editions in Japan as well as internationally. They contain certain extras in contrast to the regular editions (for example posters, t-shirts or jewelry etc.).

Second Press: A second press edition or regular edition is released after the first press edition was sold out. It doesn't contain the extras of the first press edition.

 



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